For most people just stepping into a CrossFit Box for the first time is scary. And that can be even more nerve wracking if you look at Wodify or the box white board and see a half dozen words and acronyms that you’ve never seen before. We’re here for you though! Bookmark this Glossary and come back whenever you see something you don’t know. And if you find something and it’s not on this list, let us know, and we’ll get it added and tell you what it means!
1RM – One Rep Max. The highest weight that an athlete can lift for a single rep.
Air Squat – A squat using only body weight. Proper depth for this movement is when your hip crease is below your knee.
AMRAP – As Many Rounds (or Reps) As Possible. A workout with a set time limit in which your score is the number of rounds and/or reps that you complete.
Bar Muscle Up – A gymnastic movement. Start hanging from a pull up bar. Execute a pull up to the bottom of a dip, then press up to arms extended.
BBJ – Burpee Box Jump
BJO – Box Jump Over
Box – Any CrossFit gym.
Box Jump – A standing jump for height from the ground to the top of a step, platform, or box.
Burpee – The burpee is a full body exercise used in strength training and as aerobic conditioning. It consists of four steps. 1. Squat down with hands on the ground. 2. Jump feet back to a plank position and do a push up. 3. Jump feet forward to a squat with hands on the ground. 4. Jump up and clap hands overhead.
C2B – Chest To Bar. Refers to a Pull up where the chest makes contact with the bar.
Clean – One of the Olympic Lifts. Performed by lifting a weight from the ground to the shoulders in the front rack position. Usually performed with the Jerk.
CrossFit – A high-intensity fitness program incorporating elements from several sports and types of exercise.
DB – Dumbbell
Deadlift – Picking an object up from the ground by bending at the waist, and then returning to standing position.
EMOM (EMOTM) – Every Minute On The Minute. This is a workout with a set time limit in which you do a certain movement or set of movements every minute.
Functional Fitness – Using movements that mimic real life activities to add practicality to fitness programs.
G2O – Ground to Overhead
GHD – Glute-Ham Developer. A piece of equipment designed to develop posterior chin strength and flexibility.
The Girls – A series of benchmark workouts done periodically to test an athlete’s fitness and assess where there have been improvements, and where they are needed. The most well known of these is probably Fran.
Hang – Performing a clean or snatch from knee height, rather than the floor.
Hero Workout – A workout created in honor of a fallen soldier or first responder. Crossfitters do these to honor members of our community who have made the ultimate sacrifice. The most well known of these is probably Murph, named in honor of Lt. Michael Murray Seal Team 5.
HSPU – Handstand Push Up.
Jerk – Moving a barbell from the front rack to overhead, utilizing a dip-drive-dip rhythm.
Metcon – Metabolic Conditioning workout. A set of movements done either as an AMRAP, an EMOM, or for time. Generally these workouts are under 20 minutes (Although some Hero Workouts run longer)
Muscle Up – A gymnastic movement. Start hanging from a pair of rings.. Execute a pull up to the bottom of a dip, then press up to arms extended.
Nike Metcon – A popular shoe designed with CrossFit in mind.
OHS – Overhead Squat.
Oly – Short for Olympic Lifting
The Open – The first round of competition in the CrossFit Games, open to anyone. It consists of five workouts over five weeks.
Posterior Chain – The group of muscles that run from the lower back down to the feet, including the glutes and hamstrings.
Power – A modifier for cleans and snatches indicating that the athlete should not drop into a full squat in the catch.
PR – Personal record.
Reebok Nano – A popular shoe designed with CrossFit in mind.
Rogue – One of the largest manufacturers of CrossFit equipment including barbells, weights, medicine balls, and a host of others.
ROM – Range Of Motion. Refers to how far an athlete can move through a joint.
ROMWOD – A stretching program designed by a yogi and a CrossFitter. Often referred to as “Yoga For CrossFitters.”
RX – As prescribed. Doing the workout without any scaled movements.
S2O – Shoulder to Overhead
Scaled – Adjusting a workout to match an athlete’s strength and fitness. This could be lowering the weight, adjusting the number of reps, or changing the movement to a less challenging one.
SDLHP – Sumo Deadlift High Pull. A deadlift performed with an extra wide stance, and close grip, finished with an upright row.
Sisu – SISU is a Finnish term loosely translated into English as strength of will, determination, perseverance, and acting rationally in the face of adversity.
Snatch – One of the Olympic Lifts. Performed by lifting a weight from the ground directly to overhead.
T2B – Toes to bar. Hanging from a pull up bar, swing the legs up until the feet touch the bar.
Tabata – the basic outline of the Tabata training method is as follows:
- 4 minutes long (whole Tabata Session)
- 20 seconds of intense training
- 10 seconds of rest
- Total of 8 sessions or rounds
Thruster – With a barbell in the front rack position do a front squat directly into a push press.
Wallball – A three step movement using legs, back, core, arms, and shoulders. 1. Holding a medicine ball in a goblet position, squat down to full depth. 2. Explode up from the bottom of the squat, throwing the medicine up to a target above. 3. Catch the medicine ball. ALT. Definition: The medicine ball used for wall balls. IE, “Hey, can you bring that 20 lbs wallball over here for me?”
WOD – Workout Of The Day.